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Spectrometer

02 Jul 16:07 228,296 views | Last edited by warren about 1 month ago | shortlink

Sneak preview of new Spectral Workbench sets display

by warren 3 days ago | 0 | 145 views | 0

Check it out here: http://spectralworkbench.org/sets/show2/2446 And see the embed here:

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Silhouette Cameo desktop paper cutter for prototyping

by warren 3 days ago | 2 | 136 views | 0

What I want to do I've been wanting to do more laser cutting to prototype things like the Oil Te...

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Musings: Spectrometer Stability

by stoft 17 days ago | 9 | 469 views | 2

My experiments with the PLab 3.0 spectrometer and PLab oil-test kit prototypes demonstrated the r...

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447nm Oops!

by scottvr 19 days ago | 2 | 367 views | 2

Careful with even the backscatter from 1000+mW Watching my laptop screen, smelling something bur...

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Testing the Oil Testing Kit: identifying a "somewhat unknown" sample

by warren 19 days ago | 0 | 465 views | 2

I finally made time to test @mathew's prototype Oil Testing Kit attachment for the Public Lab Spe...

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Announcing the Oil Testing Kit Public Beta Program

by ygzstc 19 days ago | 1 | 2,097 views | 2

You may have seen hints of this across the site in recent weeks, but today, Public Lab is formall...

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Testing if light leaks through the walls of the PL Spectrometer v3

by warren 20 days ago | 2 | 381 views | 1

Following up on a note on possible light going through the black cardstock walls of the v3 spectr...

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Oil Testing Kit -- mixing 5W30 20W30

by gretchengehrke 22 days ago | 2 | 311 views | 1

What I want to do Since the oils in the Oil Testing Kit 5W30 and 20W50 are distinguishable by th...

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More research on "spectrometer" »


Title Last edited Edits Pageviews Likes
Oil Testing Kit 4 days ago by warren 117 13,321 5
Oil Testing Kit Beta 19 days ago by warren 19 912 0
Desktop Spectrometry Kit 3.0 20 days ago by warren 43 8,124 4
Oil Testing Kit Construction 20 days ago by warren 7 463 0
Desktop Spectrometry Kit about 1 month ago by warren 46 44,390 8
Spectrometer construction about 1 month ago by warren 7 20,736 1
Desktop Spectrometer 3.0 parts list about 1 month ago by warren 3 4,792 2
Ottawa 4 months ago by warren 2 2,299 2
Spectrometry Sampling 5 months ago by OpenSourceScience 22 9,972 1
Foldable Mini-Spectrometer 6 months ago by warren 19 66,931 5
Pesticide Detection Methods Development 9 months ago by silverhammer 27 8,201 6
The Homebrew Sensing Project 10 months ago by Becki 5 4,597 0
Oil Testing Kit Literature 11 months ago by mathew 5 2,114 1
Refinery Watching about 1 year ago by warren 17 6,796 3
Spectrometer History about 1 year ago by mathew 4 3,200 0
Oil Testing Kit Illustrations about 1 year ago by warren 3 1,994 0
spectrometer-media about 1 year ago by warren 2 3,649 0
How to make a homemade spectrophotometer about 1 year ago by Haripriya 3 5,755 2
Smartphone spectrometer over 1 year ago by mathew 26 27,012 3
Spectrometer Curriculum over 1 year ago by bicwood 25 8,711 3
How Kickstarter backers will use the spectrometer almost 2 years ago by Becki 4 7,779 0
Countertop Spectrometer almost 2 years ago by warren 7 4,194 0
Spectrometry Meetups almost 2 years ago by liz 3 2,446 1
Suggested Spectrometer Readings about 2 years ago by PeterDavidowicz 10 3,933 0
Spectral Challenge ideas about 2 years ago by philippg 18 4,254 3
Spectrometry health applications about 2 years ago by warren 10 3,980 1
DIYBIO Ideas and Applications about 2 years ago by briandegger 3 2,944 2
Spectral Challenge Teams over 2 years ago by warren 1 2,333 0
Spectral Challenge over 2 years ago by warren 30 6,398 1
Spectrometry FAQ over 2 years ago by warren 1 2,526 0

Desktop Spectrometry Kit v3

The standard -- plugs into your laptop

Build one Buy one

Smartphone Spectrometer

Rigid plastic version which attaches to your smartphone

Build one Buy one

Foldable Mini-Spectrometer

Cheap, easy, starter version for smartphones and webcams

Build one Buy one


Public Lab's Do-It-Yourself spectrometers are designed to help everyday people detect pollutants where they live.

Our community has been working since the 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill to develop a cheap, open source, Do-It-Yourself spectrometer which we hope to use to identify oil pollution in soil and water, as well as a range of other possible contaminants.

What's spectrometry?

Colored light is often a blend of different colors. A spectrometer is a device which splits those colors apart, like a prism, and measures the strength of each color. A typical output of a spectrometer looks like this spectrum of the daytime sky, with the actual light spectrum at the top and the graph of wavelength (horizontal axis) and intensity (vertical axis) below:

sky.png


Types of spectrometry

There are different ways to use spectrometers, and the key difference is how you illuminate your sample.

Fluorescence

This project focuses on fluorescence spectrometry in order to identify oil pollution samples, which is where a high-energy light like an ultraviolet laser is used to excite a sample so that it fluoresces, or glows.

See the lead image of this page for a diagram of a fluorescence spectrometer setup. Since different oils fluoresce in different colors, this technique can be used to match an unknown sample with a reference sample to identify it.


Read more on the Oil Testing Kit page »


IMG_20140722_230007_2.jpg

Emission

Emission spectroscopy is the kind often done in the classroom, where burning a material emits a colored flame. A spectrum of this colored flame can be used to match a material, but it can be unsafe to burn unknown samples, so we have primarily begun to use this technique to attempt to monitor distant flares, for example at gas refineries in Louisiana, to try to detect heavy metals.

[image of refinery watching]

Absorption

Absorption spectroscopy -- shining a full-spectrum light like a halogen or incandescent (not a fluorescent or laser) through a sample to see what colors are absorbed -- is a bit more difficult in the visible light range, as most of the "fingerprint" features of spectra are too long or too short wavelengths for our webcam-based devices. However, a considerable amount of work has been done on absorption spectrometry of:


Make a spectrometer

The links at the top of the page offer step-by-step instructions on making your own spectrometer. Our main design, the Desktop Spectrometer, features:

  • around 400-900 nanometer range, maybe wider (what you can see with the naked eye, plus some infrared)
  • 1-5 nm spectral resolution
  • 20-30 samples per second
  • ~ $15 in materials
  • < 1 hour construction time
  • web-based, open-source software

Upgrades

Once you've built a spectrometer, there are many ways to improve it -- by using a narrower slit, darkening the interior, using a better camera, and more. For upgrading the USB webcam-based Desktop Spectrometry Kit, see the Upgrades section of its documentation.


Screen_Shot_2014-07-24_at_3.44.28_PM.png

Software

Along with the physical devices, the Public Lab community has also developed Spectral Workbench, an website to capture data with your spectrometer, analyze and compare spectra, share them in an open database, and comment and collaborate with others.

The software includes:

  • direct connection to your USB-based or smartphone-based device
  • calibration, comparison, and matching tools
  • XML, JSON, and CSV data download
  • a JavaScript API
  • offline mode
  • read more in the documentation

FAQ

Frequently Asked Questions can be found here »

Challenges

This document, and this methodology, is still under active development. What you see on this page is only the best attempt so far at collating and presenting the work of Public Lab contributors to date. Some of the challenges that remain include:


Other uses

While many of us have focused on identifying oil pollution with fluorescence spectrometry, there are many other uses for cheap, open source spectrometers, and many other ways to use a spectrometer.

Kickstarter

In 2012, Public Lab ran a Kickstarter project to distribute an early version of our DIY spectrometers to over 1600 people. The video is a bit out of date, but is still a compelling way to understand what we're attempting to do:


The Homebrew Sensing Project is made possible in part by the generous support of the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation, Knight News Challenge: Health.

knight-logo


Tags: spectrometer list:plots-spectrometry tabbed:notes tabbed:wikis tool